The levels of samadhi taught per the text resemble the Buddhist jhanas. According onesto Feuerstein, the Yoga Sutras are verso condensation of two different traditions, namely “eight limb yoga” (a??a?ga yoga) and action yoga (Kriya yoga). The kriya yoga part is contained per chapter 1, chapter 2 sutras 1-27, chapter 3 except sutra 54, and chapter 4. The “eight limb yoga” is described mediante chapter 2 sutras 28–55, and chapter 3 sutras 3 and 54.
There are numerous parallels con the ancient Samkhya, Yoga and Abhidharma schools of thought, particularly from the 2nd century BCE puro the 1st century AD, libretto Larson. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras may be per synthesis of these three traditions. From the Samkhya school of Hinduism, Yoga Sutras adopt the “reflective discernment” (adhyavasaya) of prakrti and purusa (dualism), its metaphysical rationalism, and its three epistemic methods onesto gaining reliable knowledge. From Abhidharma Buddhism’s ispirazione of nirodhasamadhi, suggests Larson, Yoga Sutras adopt the pursuit of an altered state of awareness. However, unlike Buddhism, which believes that there is neither self nor soul, Yoga is physicalist and realist, like Samkhya, sopra believing that each individual has per self and soul. The third concept that Yoga Sutras synthesizes into its philosophy is the ancient ascetic traditions of isolation, meditation and introspection, as well as the yoga ideas from the 1st millennium BCE Indian texts such as Katha Upanishad, Shvetashvatara Upanishad and Maitri Upanishad.
According puro Wujastyk, referencing Maas, Patanjali integrated yoga from older traditions durante Patanjalayogasastra, and added his own explanatory passages esatto create the unified work that, since 1100 CE, has been considered the rete di emittenti of two people. Together the compilation of Patanjali’s sutras and the Vyasabhasya, is called Patanjalayogasastra. Continue lendo “The Yoga Sutras are per composite of various traditions”